Friday, 4 June 2010

Sebenarnya saya sangat ingin bercerita banyak tentang ikan-ikan menakjubkan ini. Ikan predator ini sangat populer di kalangan pemancing kasting namun telah mulai langka di negeri kita, kecuali mungkin di Kalimantan. Tetapi sebuah komplek perumahan di tengah metropolitan Jakarta ternyata memiliki koleksi ribuan giant snakehead ini, khusus untuk dipancingi. Bayangkan nikmatnya tiap hari kasting monster-monster ini?! Tetapi memang tidak sembarang orang bisa masuk karena ini lokasi yang sangat ketat. Jadi biar saya tidak membuat Anda iri karena saya bisa sesuka hati masuk ke sana, maka baiknya mari kita kenal saja ikan-ikan ini seperti dituliskan oleh Wikipedia. Meski penjelasan tentang ikan ini sangat "Amerika", bagaimana lagi memang mereka yang sangat rajin menulis, namun semoga bisa memberi informasi tentang ikan yang sering disebut dengan nama tomman atau tahuman ini.Salam!

Menurut Wikipedia...."THE GIANT SNAKEHEAD or giant mudfish (Channa micropeltes) is the largest in the family Channidae, capable of growing to over 1 meter in length (3 feet) and a weight of over 20 kilograms (40 pounds). It is widely distributed in the freshwater of South East Asia and some regions of India. Other names include red snakehead, redline snakehead, Malabar snakehead, and Ikan toman (where ikan is "fish" in both Indonesian and Malay). The giant snakehead is known in Thai language as Pla Chado."

BIOLOGY:The young of the giant snakehead are red in color, with orange and black lateral stripes appearing after about two months. As the giant snakehead matures, they lose their stripes and instead develop a bluish black and white pattern on their upper body. Juveniles sold in the aquarium fish trade are commonly called red or redline snakeheads. Being a high level predator means that the giant snakehead eats many other fish, amphibians and even small birds, but is not preyed upon by many other species. The giant snakehead is considered gregarious, with the young often following their mother closely. There have been reports of protective mother giant snakehead attacking men who have disturbed the snakehead's school of juveniles. The species has the ability to crawl onto land.

USE AS FOOD: In Malaysia and Singapore, known locally as the toman, The Philippines they are called dalag while in Indonesia called with gabus or haruan, are cultured in fish ponds and reservoirs as game fish because they put up a strong fight when hooked. The giant snakehead is also a good food fish, and is often served in Chinese restaurants. Some people, however, dislike the muddy taste associated with freshwater fish. In Thailand this fish is prepared in a variety of ways, especially barbecued, being a common food item offered by street vendors.

DISTRIBUTION: The giant snakehead is found in Vietnam, Indonesia, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, India, and possibly Myanmar. It has an oddly disjunctive distribution, inhabiting both southeast Asia and southwest India, about 2500 km apart. It is theorized that the Indian population may be from an early human introduction, prior to the 19th century. In India it is found in southern Tamil Nadu and Kerala especially in Pechipparai, Chittar I & II, Neyyar and Temnalai Reservoirs. Ebanasar (1995) reported its distribution and Biology from these reservoirs. Ebanasar (1995) has also conducted series of experiments on the biology, physiology and culture of this fish. It is reported that this fish is highly suitable for cage cultute and culture in ponds in combination with tilapia. It is found to be an effective tool in controlling the overpopulation of tilapia and thus checks stunted growth of tilapia. There have been reports of the giant snakehead in parts of the US including Wisconsin, Maryland, and parts of Virginia.

VERY INVASIVE SPECIES: In 2002 and 2003, three specimens were caught in Maryland, USA all believed to have been released pets. In 2003, a giant snakehead was caught in Rock River, Wisconsin. Biologists were concerned that warmwater effluents could allow the tropical species to survive in the colder climate. In 2010, a giant snakehead was found dead on the shores of the St. Charles river, in Quebec City (Canada). It was probably an aquarium release.

* Saksikan tayangannya di layar kaca hanya di MANCING MANIA TRANS 7!!!
* All pictures by Me and also Cepy Yanwar. Don’t use or reproduce (especially for commercial purposes) without our permission. Especially if you are tackle shop, please don’t only make money from our pics without respect!!!


MIZLAN said...

wow..mantap bro!

didaskalos said...

It's called Pla Chon ('pla' means fish) in Thailand.

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